Advantages and characteristics of aeroponics culture

The production method of aeroponics cultivation is the most advanced cultivation technology at present. Through nearly ten years of scientific research, experimentation and promotion, the technology has become more and more mature, the scale of the industry has continued to expand, the business model has blossomed, and the customer awareness and market recognition have also been continuously improved. The transformative and alternative nature of aeroponics culture technology is a foregone conclusion, and it must be the inevitable trend of future planting industry innovation. It can be said to be the fourth generation of agricultural revolution. It is not an exaggeration. It is suitable for the growth and cultivation of all plants, simplifies the tedious operation of the farming process, and realizes the standardization of industrialization process, making agricultural production simple and labor-saving, greatly reducing costs, and reaching the number The output per unit area of traditional agriculture can be doubled, and the product quality can be guaranteed and improved, especially in terms of safety, which can meet EU standards.

Now we will summarize the advantages and characteristics of aeroponics training, so that everyone can have a comprehensive understanding of the advanced production mode.

Constant Optimal Plant Growth Conditions

Aeroponics culture keeps plant roots in the best fertile, moisture, and air conditions, and optimizes the root zone environment for any plant growth. It is suitable for the cultivation and production of all plants, whether it is aquatic, terrestrial, arbors, shrubs, vines, ground cover and other plant species. Both can be produced in aeroponics culture, which is the most adaptable cultivation mode so far. It can realize the symbiotic cultivation of aquatic terrestrial plants, such as rice water bamboo can also coexist with vegetables, fruits and trees in the same environment. In other words, the root mist technology unifies the suitable environment of all plants.

Geologically Flexible

As long as there is space and light, it can be produced, and it is not restricted by the geographical soil, that is to say, aeroponics cultivation mode can be built anywhere, and the surface of mine pits, tidal flats, barren mountains, isolated islands, polar regions, and even urban buildings can be fogged. Farming, this is an unprecedented revolution, making the space for humans to obtain food become unlimited, and no longer worry about the reduction of arable land. The contradiction between population growth and food supply has been resolved. The fog culture technology reminds people of what Einstein said, when the effective radiation of the sun is fully utilized, the population of the earth will increase forty times without worrying about the supply of food, because Fogging can realize the maximization of space strategy, and the space is unlimited. In the past, the 10,000 catties of grains that were preached during the Great Leap Forward can indeed be achieved in the aeroponics culture mode, and even higher. It is calculated based on the space utilization rate, rather than measured by the flat area of ​​the ground. Fogging technology can completely change the concept and make the impossible a reality.

Fast Plant Growth

The growth rate is 3-5 times that of ordinary soil cultivation, of course the average of all plants, especially some crops with a long period. With the development of the root system, the later growth becomes faster and faster, while the growth rate of crops with a short development period If the magnification increases slightly, the overall growth rate tends to increase. Root fog environment optimizes the three elements of root growth, namely, fertilizer, water and gas, and unrestricted growth in a space without any obstacles, resulting in an increase in absorption efficiency and promoting the growth and development of the above-ground part. In addition, most of the organs of plants or fruits and vegetables, such as leaves, fruits, stems, flowers, etc., have a tendency to grow larger. Just like radishes, which can reach a single weight of 3-5 kg, zucchini is like small winter melon, but the taste remains crisp and tender. , Coriander (cilantro) grows like celery, and small round onions grow as thick as cigarettes. This growing supernormal development does not change the genes, but is the result of the full expression of the original species’ genes in the fog culture environment. Its quality, appearance and taste Better, the nutritional content and value are also more secure.

High Level of Sanitation

In a clean factory environment, soil isolation is achieved. The greenhouse and the outside world are covered with insect-proof nets, and the cultivation board is cleaned and disinfected after each crop of vegetables is harvested. Large-scale industrial bases implement one shed, one area, and harvest in one day. One canopy is planted and one canopy. Rotation farming is carried out. After planting, there is basically no staff involved. It can be completely free of pesticides and achieve the effect of pesticide-free cleaning and safety. The vegetables produced will not exceed the standard E. coli, and can be freshly squeezed into juice and mixed Use honey as a beverage or vegetarian diet meal, which is also impossible to achieve in soil cultivation. Soil cultivation usually infects various bacteria on the surface of fruits and vegetables, which is not suitable for raw consumption, and mist-cultured vegetables are especially suitable for salad consumption.

Water Efficient

Aeroponics cultivation is also the most water-saving cultivation mode. The water consumption is only 1-5% of traditional farming. The nutrient solution is recycled and it can achieve zero discharge to the outside world. It is a sustainable and permanent farming mode. Furthermore, the planting process is simplified, which is currently the most labor-saving farming mode. Planting leafy vegetables does not require any management after planting until harvest. Planting melons and fruits only requires vines, vines, pruning and binding work, which greatly reduces labor input. . In other words, the traditional land preparation, weeding, fertilization, irrigation, and pesticide spraying can all be reduced or exempted, which is currently the most labor-saving plant planting model. The same is true for the construction of fog cultivation orchards. If densely planted, only need to ditch the planting row and lay tarpaulins to install the fog buckle planting board. This will realize the labor-saving management of the orchard in the future, without the need for weeding, loosening and fertilizing operations. One person can manage 50 acres. Greatly improve efficiency. If you develop an orchard in mountainous areas, you don’t need to build horizontal terraces. You only need to open holes according to the measured contours, and install tarps and fog in the caves to plant fruit trees. The original mountainous areas can maintain the original ecology and there will be no water and soil erosion problems. Moreover, the preservation of the ecological diversity of the orchard can reduce the pests and diseases of the fruit trees, and greatly reduce the construction and management costs of the orchard. Moreover, it has nothing to do with mountain soil, and orchard construction can be carried out in any mountainous area.

IoT Technology

Aeroponics training can be combined with automated control and Internet of Things technology to realize remote monitoring and management, and to make the environment and production and operation process parameterized accurately, without the need for traditional farming experience, everyone can learn and operate, only 5 days of professionalism Training can produce high-quality and high-yielding products such as fruits, vegetables, flowers, and so on, so that the model of agricultural technology based on experience can be completely changed. Any class can engage in agricultural production. There is almost no physical work, suitable for the elderly, women, children and children, and the production process has become entertaining and relaxed. It is also an important model for urban agriculture to build a sustainable city in the future.

The investment province is suitable for entrepreneurs with little capital. It sounds like a tall project. The aeroponics cultivation with three-dimensional vertical spatial layout can increase the utilization rate of the greenhouse several times, which is equivalent to saving land and facility investment, such as building a An aeroponics vegetable plant with complete facilities and equipment only needs to invest about 200,000 yuan, but its planting area is increased by at least four times, and its production capacity can even reach 5-10 times. This high-efficiency and high-yield model can be converted into an investment per unit of planting area. It only costs about 50,000 yuan, which is comparable to the investment in traditional soil-growing vegetable greenhouses, and the labor input in the production process is less. These advantages can be suitable for entrepreneurs who are interested in planting fruits and vegetables to invest. The return is fast. Any plant cultivated in the fog culture industry has the advantage of rapid growth and development and high-quality and high-quality characteristics. The most important thing is to achieve less and no pesticides. The market price is relatively high. Generally, vegetables are grown as an example. The ordinary price is 6 per kilogram. In terms of yuan, the cost of producing one kilogram of fruits and vegetables is one yuan, and the cost of hardware facilities is generally recovered 6-8 months after input. The key to the ease of industrialization and promotion of this technology is the quick results of the investment province.

For the cultivation of medicinal plants, some plants whose rhizomes are medicinal sources can be harvested multiple times without affecting the growth, such as Houttuynia cordata. Of course, other crops such as leafy vegetables, melons and fruits that are harvested from non-rhizomes, because of the very developed root system of fog culture, can be cultivated in two crops or multiple crops, that is, after the above-ground parts are harvested, the root stubble germinates and grows, which is better than replanting seedlings. The growth is faster and the cycle is shorter. For example, spinach, potherb mustard and other varieties can be harvested 10-15 days after harvesting. The practice of continuous multiple harvesting greatly improves the biomass output per unit time.

The aeroponics-grown agricultural products, whether it is leafy vegetables, fruits, fruit trees, medicinal materials, or spice plants, have complete nutrient solution elements and can be adjusted in stages, which can fully meet the optimization needs of plant growth and development, so the appearance of the products is usually better. Good, better quality and taste, more complete nutrients, stronger aroma, or larger and more colorful flowers. Just like fruits and vegetables, the content of vitamins in many varieties can exceed the content of soil several times. Used in fruit tree cultivation, the fruit is bigger and sweeter, and the taste is more pure. It often gives people the feeling of returning to the taste of childhood.

This mode of aeroponics cultivation can solve the problem of supplying fertilizer and water under the condition of weightlessness. Therefore, aeroponics cultivation is the preferred cultivation mode for the weightless space environment in the future. There are applications in the polar desert alpine outposts and islands, and the performance is good. It is highly adaptable to the climate. We have also successfully carried out the production of fog-cultured vegetables and fruits in the high-temperature Alian Dian, and established a fog-cultured vegetable base for officials and people in high-altitude Tibet. Its wide application is also unmatched by other cultivation modes.

Aeroponics cultivation is a revolutionary technology in the planting industry. Its advantages and characteristics are far more than the above points. With continuous research and application, aeroponics cultivation will also form a new academic discipline and new technology. System, build people’s new understanding, new positioning and new development of agriculture. Its significance is far-reaching. When the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations visited our institute, it was once unpredictable to evaluate that aeroponics cultivation will be every four revolutions in agriculture, also called the fourth generation of agriculture.