Brightness is one of the basic elements of plant health and growth. However, in our houses, especially in our northern areas, the plants in the houses are seriously lacking in light. Indoor plants often encounter problems not encountered in nature: insufficient light. Despite the favorable windows, the brightness of most plants is still insufficient. You must understand that even though our house looks very bright, the brightness difference from the outside world is still very large. On a cloudy day, we found that outdoor lighting is about 15,000 lux (brightness units), and we think that a well-lit house is about 500 lux! This means that even rainforest plants growing in the shadow of tall trees can enjoy infinitely greater light than our house lighting. On the contrary, please rest assured, in winter, no plants in our house will be exposed to too much light! This is why if we want indoor plants to flourish, instead of being in a semi-dormant state between September and March, artificial lighting is usually necessary!
Light, plant health and growth
The light is captured by the pigment in the leaves, and the plants grow through a plant hormone called auxin. The intensity and quality of light will affect the expansion and expansion of young growing cells in stems, leaves, and flowers. On the outside, the light comes from all directions and is balanced during the growth process, but on the inside, especially when the plant is placed on the window, the light comes from only one side. This is why the growth is usually uneven, and it is recommended that each plant rotate 1/4 turn per week.
The light intensity corresponds to the amount of lux received by the plant. There is no ideal number of all plants, but the ideal luminosity depends on each plant. To find the answer, it is best to find the answer, but we can reasonably infer the plant’s need for light based on its geographic origin. Plants from tropical rainforests certainly do not need cacti in the desert.
The best light must still be sunlight because it can naturally meet all the requirements of plants, but not all types of artificial light. Human-perceived energy particles are called photons, which are between 400 and 750, while plants are between 445 and 750. However, for example, the energy particles emitted by incandescent lamps are between 650 and 700, which is far from meeting human needs. All plants. The best lighting system will be discussed later in this article.
In winter, south-facing windows provide maximum sunlight, and many plants rely on windows to grow. In the summer, such an exhibition hurt them. Oriental windows are ideal for ferns and Asteraceae. Western windows are sufficient for plants that only need a few hours of sunshine per day. Since there is no such thing as injection science, we must do our homework and find out the requirements of each indoor plant. At the time of purchase, a small label is usually attached at the factory. It is wise to stick it under the flower pot so that you always get the information you need for sunlight, fertilization, and watering.
Plants will talk to you when the light is low
If the light intensity is insufficient, photosynthesis and growth will be reduced, we will see: pale and smaller leaves, discolored spots, brown or dry yellow plants, weak stems, large internode distance, insect infection, if we water too much, The root will rot, stop flowering, etc.
Duration of artificial lighting
According to the brightness requirements of plants, the lighting time of artificial lamps will be different. For flowers to bloom, such as African violets, they must be lit for 14 to 16 hours a day. Don’t shine for 24 hours, because plants will naturally write down the night demand of genes like us. It is best to use a timer because it will be simpler.
Maintenance of indoor plants under artificial lighting
Plants accustomed to natural lighting must adapt to artificial lighting and take some time, at least a few weeks, sometimes several months. Therefore, in the first few weeks of entering the factory in the fall, you do not have to worry about this adaptation. It should also be understood that not all plants come from the same environment. The amount of light in tropical plants is almost the same throughout the year. However, this is not the case with other factories. Other plants come from the winter environment, so you need to rest for a while. Depending on the plants, it is best to put them in a semi-dormant state for more or less time, which means less light, no fertilization, and little watering.
If our budget allows it, it is clear that we must prefer the LED lamp system, especially because these lamps will not heat and consume very little energy, so it is more economical.